Puma Punku - Bolivia

Puma Punku - one of obvious evidence of paleocontact theory.

According to the official version the Puma Punku was based in 1510 B.C. also was a place for carrying out rituals of ancient Indian tribes. However blocks of which it was made the Puma Punku have obvious technical mission, also are made in the machine way.
The version of official historians that the Puma Punku was created by ancient Indian tribes, doesn't maintain any criticism because ancient Indian tribes didn't possess machines, mills and drills, for creation of similar objects.
Within the paleocontact theory we assume that it there was a runway platform of ancient astronauts. Blocks reached us have obviously technical mission and were part of more difficult mechanism.


Puma punku - ruins of the ancient spaceport
Pumapunku

Pumapunku

Pumapunku

Just 10 minutes walk from the main buildings of Tiwanaku in Bolivia is a mysterious set of Puma Punku, created from the largest stone blocks, which can be found here. There is a theory that once, when Lake Titicaca was much larger and came to the outskirts of Tiwanaku, Puma Punku was its port. However, the preserved ruins are nothing like the port facilities.

In the language of Quechua "Puma Punku" means "Gate of the Puma." The total area is about 2 square meters. km. In general it is a mound on top lined with large blocks of red granite, gray diorite and andesite - very solid natural materials, however, treated with incredible accuracy and precision. This is even more surprising when you consider that the weight of megaliths ranges from 22 to 400 tons. As they can be, not only to break off from the cliff, to deliver to the place, but also to adjust to each other without mortar, so that between adjacent blocks can not push through a normal paper sheet A4 - a mystery. But it is. Puma Punku in Bolivia - one of the most mysterious megalithic complexes in the world. Suffice it to say that in the XVI century. Saw him, the Spaniards came to a surprise that they refused to believe that this could be the work of man.

Opinion on the age of the buildings is divergent. Archaeologists date the traditionalists of about 1510 years before BC. People living in these places had no written language and the wheel, but somehow created complex architectural complex. It is considered that in its heyday Puma Punku represented a brilliant spectacle. However, the current understanding of the original value and the role of this complex is very rough due to the lack of historical written sources, and the ravages of time, particularly barbaric destruction of the stone blocks used for the production of crushed stone in the construction of the railway.

The largest stone monolith Puma Punku is a block of red sandstone approximate weight of 131 tonne and size 7.81 mx 5.17 mx 1.07 m second largest unit - about 85.2 tons of weight and dimensions of 7.9 m x 2 , 5 m by 1.86 m monolith Both are part of the "Platform of Lititz." Detailed petrographic and chemical analyzes of samples of masonry Puma Punku and stones from the surrounding fields have determined that the red sandstone blocks were transported from the quarry from a distance of 10 kilometers, and smaller blocks of andesite were transported from a distance of approximately 90 km. There are a number of theories describing the delivery of the stones from the quarries, but none of them is universally accepted. The most established of these involve a large number of people and the use of ropes llama skins combined with the artificial slope, but the embodiment of such ideas into reality is a difficult, even in our time.

But in Puma Punku are impressive not only (or even mainly) buildings themselves, but the fact they were made. Perfection of stone here has reached such proportions that is on the verge of modern features. And for a relatively primitive Indian society of the Incas in the middle of the last millennium, it is generally prohibitive technology, but still unknown purpose.


Blocks in the Puma Punku were part of a difficult construction
Pumapunku

Treatment of stones in Puma Punku
The stone blocks of the complex is processed in such a way that the shape and quality of the surface allows join them together without the use of cement, both as an element of a kind of a kind designer. Note that the accuracy of the pairing of a serious knowledge in terms of descriptive geometry and technology now lost possession of stone. In many units the gap is not even a razor blade. How it was done underdeveloped local tribes of Indians, is an open question unanswered.

Among the blocks Puma Punku has a large number of interchangeable standard elements. This, apparently, was the result of mass production, which is technologically ahead of the future of local people for many centuries. Dug up in our time and set in rows blocks Puma Punku resemble the finished product storage modern factory of reinforced concrete structures. Only plant products pour of concrete and stones Puma Punku somehow treated in the solid state, and even served them blind holes of complex shape.

For example, the Puma Punku see the huge diorite boulders over a meter in height, not just carefully crafted, and having a thickness of 6 mm groove running along the entire height. But that's not all. Inside the groove at equal distances made ​​a neat hole. How this can be achieved if the diorite - so hard rock, which is not easy to work with no trees, no bone or obsidian, or even iron and copper tools?


Traces from drills
Pumapunku


To deepen ties in Puma Punku
And what are the deepening of ties units that were part of the base platform. What options are there only: the T-shaped, and with bristles on the end, and rounded, and even through. Moreover, they are inserted into the metal tie-fixing were also found. Even if you do not go into the details of their composition (it was rarely used for Bolivia bronze and does not occur here nickel), is still a mystery how it could put the tie into prepared holes. So far scientists have only come to the conclusion that the metal is not inserted, and poured them in molten form. Another prohibitive for Indian technology.


To deepen ties in Puma Punku
Puma punku

Many questions is also the amazing accuracy of corners and recesses in the rocks. Many of them are multi-level niches with incredibly smooth edges. Make a miracle, using primitive tools, even as a one almost impossible. However, these blocks in Puma Punku standardized if their production was put on stream. These are the miracles.


Accuracy of corners and recesses in the rocks
Puma punku