Ollantaytambo - Peru

Ollantaytambo

One of the most mysterious monuments of Indian culture, the city of Ollantaytambo, located forty kilometers from Cusco, at an altitude of 3500 meters above sea level. It is located in the upper reaches of the mountain river Urubamba, in the beginning of the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
Within the paleocontact theory Ollantaytambo one of the thrown spaceports ancient astronauts in South America (also to us are known the Puma Punku - Bolivia, Machu Picchu - Peru, Nazca - Peru). As well as in Machu Picchu we see an enormous gap in technology of processing of a stone. The rough laying of Indians lies on blocks which when that obviously had technical mission and were part of difficult system (possibly spaceport).
Olyantaytambo's complex - one of obvious proofs the paleocontact theory.

Ollantaytambo - this is not just a city, it is a well-preserved ancient structures built by the Incas. Or not by the Incas. Restored the ancient ruins of the Incas, have thrown all this on top of their small and poorly hewn stone. Builders and real time construction of the old town is unknown.


Ollantaytambo


"Tambo" means "post office." In the ancient Inca Empire had a network of postal stations, at a distance of 12-18 kilometers from each other. And many of the stations, eventually grew into larger settlements, and even cities. The same thing happened to Ollantaytambo.

But world famous for Ollantaytambo that next to him on a rocky promontory 60 meters high, is a huge ancient temple complex, which has so far poses a number of puzzles. Some buildings of the complex are made of solid blocks of pink granite porphyry and weighing 20-25 tons. And while laying structures between these blocks were laid insertion of the same material, of a width of 25 centimeters. For what purpose used a masonry one can not answer. Moreover, the blocks so carefully adjusted to each other, that between them can not stick a piece of paper.


Ollantaytambo


Quarry, where they cut down the blocks are found on the other side of the valley, at a distance of several kilometers. And by the quarry and complex runs rough mountain river, a width of about 50 meters. On the road to the quarry a few dozen scattered stones weighing up to 10 tons, which is called "tired stones". Let's say that the Indians could move the stones on the ground. But they being taken across the turbulent river?


The river between the quarry and the complex


When you look at the different in size and shape of the stone, there is the idea that they are first softened to the point of clay or wax, and then, inexplicably, be cut by a specially defined form. Besides gold and bronze, the Incas did not know any other metals. The question arises: what the Incas treated the giant stones of the hard rock? Experts argue that the stone can be so treated or high-cutter or a laser, and the official version is that it is processed by hand using primitive tools. Meanwhile, the blocks do not have any traces of tooling. Their surface is carefully polished.


Complex Ollantaytambo


Many units have a small pair of masonry projections. But, in order to make them, it was necessary to remove the surface layer of stone, thick with these projections. For what? The purposes for which it was necessary to spend so much effort? Monoliths, some have multiple curly notches corresponding cutouts neighboring blocks. (Think of the Incas, with primitive tools, making these slots to the millimeter.) This was achieved phenomenal adhesion blocks. But how the Incas laid stones weighing several tons, so that the slots of two adjacent blocks included in each other? Why and who needed a prohibitive bond strength?

Some scholars tend to believe that much of the complex construction of the ancient buildings of the Incas. Rather, it is the work of an ancient civilization, which has the highest technology. So high that they are unattainable modern civilization. And just take the Incas abandoned buildings, and used for religious ceremonies. Why, then, there is no longer any trace of civilization sunk into oblivion? Pkakoy reason she disappeared, leaving the puzzle posterity, cyclopean complex, towering on a cliff 60 meters high.


Complex Ollantaytambo


Let us now consider more Ollantaytambo fortress itself. Here there is the presence of two different technologies structure. They are so different that it can even be said about their civilizational shift.


Giant fine processed blocks of the hard rock Ollantaytambo


The original culture has unimaginable possibilities stone and construction. They are literally like a knife easily and naturally cut blocks of any shape, size or breed.


Processing units in Ollantaytambo


Construction was carried out by setting the blocks with simultaneous fit together. All excess is trimmed and separate monoliths very tightly without any gaps grew into one wall. The surface inside and outside polished. In this case, the bonding solution, as now it is not used. Between the blocks can not stick a piece of paper. Sometimes in the ruined walls and separate blocks guess principle coupling method wooden frame. Ie to logs securely locks the corners are cut niches and spikes that are fastened to each other, which protects the structure from outside, even very serious effects. And here are the arches and spikes do not cut down and cut. But here's what and how - a huge issue.


Processing units in Ollantaytambo


The second more recent construction technology really refers to the time of the Incas. It uses small pieces of an old design, and the surviving fragments of the former castle, where low-level masonry roughly worked stones that interlock with each other using a clay solution. The difference of cultures and technologies incredible and easily contrasted with each other, not even a specialist can see it. Most likely, many hundreds of years have passed between the change of civilizations in the region. In the complex there are places where there is a very high quality original brickwork, then mix formless heap of stone, earth and some inclusions, well-treated blocks, and then there is not a very high quality of the Inca masonry with clay mortar.


The difference in the masonry in Ollantaytambo


And in many parts of the Ollantaytambo fortress can be considered attempts to reuse the Indians more ancient ruins in their already shelters. For example, some blocks were placed by them, perhaps even to his seat, but the spaces between them were filled by the same ragged untreated or poorly treated shapeless stone on clay mortar.


Inca masonry on top of high-tech units in Ollantaytambo



When facing four-meter monolithic blocks are shaped perfectly fitting insert. These monoliths - immediately attract attention. They are the remains of the outer wall of the complex, consisting of a four-meter, carefully processed and perfectly adjusted to each other stones.


Monoliths height of 4 meters in the base of Ollantaytambo


These very large blocks presumably weigh about 100 tons, set in a standing position and made of red porphyry. All other units of the complex are made of gray granite.


Blocks of red porphyry Ollantaytambo

Another interesting part of the complex is the so-called "Temple of the ten niches." Was this, in fact, the church is not known. Just the former premise of the inner wall has the same niche in the form of a trapezoid. What was their purpose is also not known. The outer wall of the room was most likely from double ryadya units, which were installed on the surviving foundation. Here there are still deepening them. Part of the same block at the bottom of the wall was on stepped terraces.


Temple ten niches Ollantaytambo

When viewing the material there is a feeling that the ancient civilization mocked by modern civilization, showing such incredible technology of stone that has not dreamed of any of today's builders. None of the technologies ancient times, and even the modern tools and techniques - nothing can explain how were these unique "3D" puzzle of monolithic stones at arbitrary angles, mated close, at different levels.


Technology masonry Ollantaytambo